Paleobiology[ edit ] Restoration of D. Many aspects of its lifestyle have been subjects of various theories over the years. Similar aquatic behavior was commonly depicted for other large sauropods, such as Brachiosaurus and Apatosaurus. A study by Kenneth A. Kermack indicates that sauropods probably could not have breathed through their nostrils when the rest of the body was submerged, as the water pressure on the chest wall would be too great. They likely had an avian respiratory system , which is more efficient than a mammalian and reptilian system.
The T-rex Collagen Controversy
Radiometric dating Radiometric dating utilizes the decay rates of certain radioactive atoms to date rocks or artifacts. Uniformitarian geologists consider this form of dating strong evidence that the Earth is billions of years old. However, research by creationists has revealed a large number of problems with radiometric dating. In some cases such as Carbon dating , radioactive dating actually gives strong evidence for a young Earth , while other methods such as K-Ar dating and Isochron dating are based on faulty assumptions and are so unreliable as to be useless.
Carbon dating Main Article:
Mar 20, · T-Rex and the Carbon 14 Dating Controversy Scientists tell us that Dinosaurs lived up until about 65 million years ago, when an asteroid about 6 miles across, slammed into the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico.
People enamored with the type of material normally found within the pages of Time magazine, or National Geographic, or those who watch CNN and the Discovery channel, probably would not find that answer alarming. It simply cannot be done. Ask an average year-old boy or girl when the dinosaurs existed, and see what response you get. One thing on which both creationists and evolutionists agree is that dinosaurs make marvelous teaching tools.
These magnificent beasts with the polysyllabic names capture our attention as we fixate on their massive size, their lizard-like skin, or the terror they apparently were able to create as they roamed the planet. In most public school, college, and university settings, whenever dinosaurs are discussed, it is in the context of their evolutionary origin, development, and extinction. Additionally, students are told about how the dinosaurs evolved into what we now know as birds.
What effect does this kind of teaching have on young minds? If the correspondence we receive at Apologetics Press on a regular basis via telephone calls, e-mail, and regular mail is any indication, the evolution-based teaching regarding dinosaurs may be pulling more of our children away from the church than any other single concept. Because practically all youngsters have a fascination with dinosaurs, and because teachers are among the most trusted of all adults, children often accept without question evolutionary dogma and its accompanying concept of an ancient Earth.
If testimony from many of the evolutionists themselves is taken at face value, the study of dinosaurs was the deciding factor in their conclusion to abandon their belief in God and to accept in its place organic evolution.
Schweitzer’s Dangerous Discovery
Senior research scientist Alexander Cherkinsky specializes in the preparation of samples for Carbon testing. He directed the pretreatment and processing of the dinosaur bone samples with the Accelerator Mass Spectrometer, though he did not know the bones were from dinosaurs, and he signed the reports. Carbon dating at this facility is certainly the very best. But in , someone told the director of the facility, Jeff Speakman, that the Paleochronology group was showing the Carbon reports on a website and YouTube and drawing the obvious conclusions.
So when he received another bone sample from the Paleochronology group, he returned it to sender and sent an email saying: The scientists at CAIS and I are dismayed by the claims that you and your team have made with respect to the age of the Earth and the validity of biological evolution.
Excerpt from Term Paper: Dinosaur Extinction: Currents Theories and Explanations Mass extinctions of plants and animals have occurred many times in the history of the earth, one of the most widely known being that of the dinosaur over 65 million years ago.
Acknowledgements Introduction his document discusses the way radiometric dating and stratigraphic principles are used to establish the conventional geological time scale. It is not about the theory behind radiometric dating methods, it is about their application, and it therefore assumes the reader has some familiarity with the technique already refer to “Other Sources” for more information.
As an example of how they are used, radiometric dates from geologically simple, fossiliferous Cretaceous rocks in western North America are compared to the geological time scale. To get to that point, there is also a historical discussion and description of non-radiometric dating methods. A common form of criticism is to cite geologically complicated situations where the application of radiometric dating is very challenging.
These are often characterised as the norm, rather than the exception. I thought it would be useful to present an example where the geology is simple, and unsurprisingly, the method does work well, to show the quality of data that would have to be invalidated before a major revision of the geologic time scale could be accepted by conventional scientists. Geochronologists do not claim that radiometric dating is foolproof no scientific method is , but it does work reliably for most samples.
It is these highly consistent and reliable samples, rather than the tricky ones, that have to be falsified for “young Earth” theories to have any scientific plausibility, not to mention the need to falsify huge amounts of evidence from other techniques.
Dinosaurs and Creation Science
Early trace of life from 3. CBC does not endorse and is not responsible for the content of external links. A Canadian-led study aims to settle the controversy over extraordinary Arctic fossils that represent the oldest known sexually reproducing organism and the oldest multicellular organism that used photosynthesis. The fossil organism identified as a red algae called Bangiomorpha pubescens, found in rocks on Somerset Island and Baffin Island in Nunavut, was discovered more than two decades ago and estimated to be between million and 1.
But the fact that its age could have been anywhere in a million year span led to some controversy.
Carbon dating dinosaur bones – new geology carbon dating dinosaur bones carbon dated dinosaur fossils date c dinosaur fossil bones by c14 dinosaur bones fossils. Researchers have found a reason for the puzzling survival of soft tissue and collagen in dinosaur bones – the bones are younger than anyone ever guessed.
Initial report by Dr Dennis Swift Ph. Suddenly he spotted some partially exposed hewn stones and a ceramic object half buried in the dirt. Waldemar dismounted and dug out of the ground the hewn stones as well as a few ceramic pieces. Juisrud, who was archaeologically astute, immediately realized that these ceramic pieces were unlike anything that he had seen.
The objects he held in his hand were distinctively different than any other known Indian culture. Waldemar in was co-discoverer with Padre Fray Jose Marie Martinez of the Chupicauro culture at a site just eight miles away. When a few ceramic fragments were found at Chupicauro, Julsrud hired diggers to excavate. This discovery brought world wide attention from archaeologists who at first mistakenly defined them as Tarascan, but later they were correctly identified as a whole New Indian culture -the Chupicauro.
Julsrud at age sixty-nine was on the brink of making a discovery that may prove to be the greatest archaeological discovery ever made. Waldemar hired a Mexican farmer, Odilon Tinajero, to dig in the area where the ceramic figurines were found and bring him any other similar objects. Soon Tinajero had a wheelbarrow full of ceramic pottery that had been excavated on El Toro Mountain.
Charles Hapgood notes that “Julsrud was a shrewd businessman and he now made a deal with Tinajero that is very important for our story.
Comet may have struck Earth just 10 million years after dinosaur extinction
According to some individuals and groups, there is plenty of evidence to support they did and no scientific proof they did not live with dinosaurs. The most accepted and widely spread story is that German immigrant, Waldemar Julsrud discovered the first artifacts while horseback riding. While riding over Cerro del Toro Bull Hill, he spotted what appeared to be an exposed piece of ceramic pottery. Julsrud, an amateur archeologist dug into the rocky soil and unearthed several odd figurines that bore a resemblance to several species of dinosaurs.
Carbondated dinosaur bones are less than 40, years old. carbon dating dinosaur bones carbon dated dinosaur fossils date c dinosaur fossil bones by c14 dinosaur bones fossils. Researchers have found a reason for the puzzling survival of soft tissue and collagen in dinosaur bones – the bones are younger than anyone ever guessed.
It depends upon the radioactive decay of carbon 14C , an unstable isotope of carbon which is continually synthesized in the upper atmosphere by cosmic rays. Plants take up atmospheric 14C for as long as they live, through the process of photosynthesis. Animals take up atmospheric 14C indirectly, by eating plants or by eating other animals that eat plants.
Measuring the proportion of 14C as opposed to 12C remaining in a sample then tells us how long ago the sample stopped taking up 14C — in other words, how long ago the thing died. Carbon dating has a certain margin of error, usually depending on the age and material of the sample used. Carbon has a half-life of about years, so researchers use the process to date biological samples up to about 60, years in the past. Beyond that timespan, the amount of the original 14C remaining is so small that it cannot be reliably distinguished from 14C formed by irradiation of nitrogen by neutrons from the spontaneous fission of uranium, present in trace quantities almost everywhere.
For older samples, other dating methods must be used. The level of atmospheric 14C is not constant. Atmospheric 14C varies over decades due to the sunspot cycle, and over millennia due to changes in the earth’s magnetic field. On a shorter timescale, humans also affect the amount of atmospheric 14C through combustion of fossil fuels and above-ground testing of the largely defensive weapon of the thermonuclear bomb.
New findings may end Jurassic Park dinosaur controversy
Two scientists stand out: Both were vilified and ostracized by the increasingly vocal group of impact hypothesis supporters. Chicxulub — The Non-Smoking Gun The Impact – Kill Hypothesis The Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary KTB mass extinction is primarily known for the demise of the dinosaurs, the Chicxulub impact, and the frequently rancorous thirty years-old controversy over the cause of this mass extinction.
In a perverse twist of fate, this discovery also began the decline of this hypothesis, because for the first time it could be tested directly based on the impact crater and impact ejecta in sediments throughout the Caribbean, Central America and North America.
DNA from human skeletal remains from Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia, Laos and Japan dating back as far as 8, years ago was extracted for the study – scientists had.
Search Share A comet may have hit Earth 56 million years ago, leaving behind telltale glassy spheres in sediment cores. The group announced the discovery of glassy, dark beads, set in eight sediment cores tied to the PETM’s start—spheres that are often associated with extraterrestrial strikes. The spheres were hiding in plain sight—in sediments off the coast of New Jersey. For a summer project, Schaller and Megan Fung, his graduate student and co-author, combed through the cores, looking for the fossils of microscopic organisms called foraminifera, often used as a dating tool.
The spheres looked like microtektites, the debris created and tossed aside when comets or asteroids strike Earth at high speeds. This was a surprise to the team: These sediments had been studied many times before. The spheres may have blended against the background of the black trays that are commonly used to hunt for light-colored forams, as visible as a full moon in the night. Their water content is less than 0.
Their chemistry is different from microtektites from other known impacts. Three of the cores she examined had large spikes in charcoal immediately above and, therefore, just after the layers with the spheres. The charcoal, which contains signs of charred plants, points to widespread wildfires sparked by the impact, they said.
The Dinosaur Conspiracy Theory
Definition Triceratops skeleton, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Under phylogenetic nomenclature , dinosaurs are usually defined as the group consisting of Triceratops , Neornithes , their most recent common ancestor MRCA , and all descendants. In traditional taxonomy, birds were considered a separate class that had evolved from dinosaurs, a distinct superorder. However, a majority of contemporary paleontologists concerned with dinosaurs reject the traditional style of classification in favor of phylogenetic taxonomy; this approach requires that, for a group to be natural, all descendants of members of the group must be included in the group as well.
Birds are thus considered to be dinosaurs and dinosaurs are, therefore, not extinct. Birds are classified as belonging to the subgroup Maniraptora , which are coelurosaurs , which are theropods, which are saurischians , which are dinosaurs. Norman, and Paul M.
Outside of overlapping absolute dating methods, we can use relative dating methods to confirm. 2.) the sample still exists. I’m not denying that there was MAJOR controversy over her finding; it was widely expected that what Schweitzer had reported as soft dinosaur tissue was not original to the dinosaur sample, but had invaded the sample later.
We are involved in this war everyday. One way He equips us is by giving us His Word of truth. Chapter 12 tells an epic story that shows us how Christ will conquer Satan forever. This story symbolizes the heavenly battle that is unfolding throughout history and even today. The first scenes describe the efforts of Satan to destroy Christ at his birth in order to thwart the plan of salvation.
This is followed by the crucifixion, the efforts of Satan to destroy the New Testament Church, and finally his efforts to destroy the remnant Church. A great and wondrous sign appeared in heaven: She was pregnant and cried out in pain as she was about to give birth. Then another sign appeared in heaven: His tail swept a third of the stars out of the sky and flung them to the earth. The dragon stood in front of the woman who was about to give birth, so that he might devour her child the moment it was born.
She gave birth to a son, a male child, who will rule all the nations with an iron scepter. And her child was snatched up to God and to his throne. Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven.
How did scientists find soft tissue in dinosaur fossils?
Grades 3—5, 6—8 The last dinosaurs died approximately 65 million years ago. Although the cause of their extinction is still a mystery, climatic change, diseases, changing plant communities, and geologic events could all have played a role. Lately, dinosaur extinction theories have been the subject of much debate and controversy. A recent explanation, supported by many scientists, suggests that dinosaurs died out soon after a huge meteorite crashed to Earth near the Gulf of Mexico.
Without the sun, all the plants died; without the plants, all the plant-eaters died; and without the plant-eaters, all the meat-eaters died. But there is one problem with this theory:
“Dinosaur Blood and the Age of the Earth” by biochemist Fazale Rana is a book that I have been anticipating for over a year now. It addresses a challenge regarding the debate within the Christian church about the age of the earth.
Update on the Singapore censorship and future research: We encourage AGU members to protest against the flagrant censorship of our research, and we urge other researchers to C date dinosaur bones from bone repositories around the world and to present papers confirming or challenging our data. We are currently engaged in recovering collagen from burial sites in Alberta , Canada , believed to have been preserved under to feet of ice for years after the Deluge.
We hope to C date dinosaur bones from the Patagonian state of Argentina that was also under ice. A dinosaur egg shell supplied by Joe Taylor was sent to our main lab source for C dating in late March. In mid we had a complete elemental analysis of bone samples from a Hadrosaur and a Triceratops containing only 0. This ruled out nuclear activation as a source of C contamination. This C data along with sedimentology, mineralogy, dinosaur depictions world-wide and recent CT-scans of some fossil human footprints with dinosaur tracks support the words of Christ, of Scripture, of the Church Fathers and of all the Church Councils which speak of the fiat creation of the different kinds of spiritual and corporeal creatures, followed by a global flood.
Detwiler; in MA Cretaceous sandstone — identified by Dr. Allosaurus is a carnivorous dinosaur excavated in by J. Hall, A Murray team and under a Brontosaurus skeleton in the Wildwood section on a ranch west of Grand Junction CO in Ma Late Jurassic sandstone of the Morrison formation – identified by using Allosaurus bone handbook submitted by local museum curator. Hadrosaur 1, a duck billed dinosaur bone fragments excavated in along Colville by G. Miller team in to retrieve samples for testing for 14C content — very low collagen content as expected for old bone.
Triceratops 2, a very large ceratopsid-type dinosaur excavated in in Cretaceous clay at is 47′ 02″ 44N and ‘ 32″ 49W by O.
200-Million-Year Old Dinosaur Egg Hatches in Berlin Museum
New predator ‘dawn runner’ discovered in early dinosaur graveyard January 13, PhysOrg. Origin of birds confirmed by exceptional new dinosaur fossils September 25, PhysOrg. The new finds are indisputably older than Archaeopteryx,
To prove her find, Dr. Schweitzer performed her experiments again, changing the methodology so that “about the only thing that is the same [as the experiments] is the dinosaur.” And again the proteins confirmed that soft tissue is indeed being found in these fossils.
Salisbury Rocks that have been house fossils like this shark vertebrae All of the fossil, including these ammonites, now reside in Chile and will eventually be sent to the Carnegie Museum of Natural History for further analysis, which Salisbury explains it could be a year before the get results out ‘What we found or didn’t find isn’t as important as the fact that we were actually there, trying to do it.
This was all before getting in helicopters and inflatable boats to travel through a sea of ice to the shore. The team camped on Vega Island and often hiked over rough terrain to reach the field site on Sandwich Bluff. Salisbury right and his team had quite the journey to reach the field site, as they began their voyage flying to South American, where they hopped on a ship to the Antarctic Peninsula.
This was all before getting in helicopters and inflatable boats to travel through a sea of ice to the shore The team camped on Vega Island and often hiked over rough terrain to reach the field site on Sandwich Bluff, which is about six miles away Six weeks of camping in the frigid temperatures of Antarctica and a six mile hike to and from the field site, is what 12 scientists endured while researching the end of the age of dinosaurs.
They discovered a giant nautaloid left and fossil wood right among the ton of fossils unearthed at the field site ‘There were a few days where we did get snowed in, and we’d just be stuck in the communal tent for a while,’ Dr Salisbury said. It’s a very hard place to work, but it’s an even harder place to get to.